加氢裂化装置操作工

发布于:2021-10-26 03:33:53

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni catio n expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General S e cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period and the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant fiel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion t he Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is o n s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "fi ve in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the fiv e reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and ec onomi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after the party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Commission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssu es. But by the third

加氢裂化装置操作工
简述塔检修的主要内容? 答:塔检修的内容包括:清扫塔内壁和塔盘等内件。检查修理塔体和内衬的腐蚀、形和各 部焊缝。检查修理或跟换塔盘板和鼓泡元件。检查修理或更换塔内构件。检查修理破沫网、 机油箱、喷淋装置和除沫器等部件。检查校验安全附件。检查修理塔基础裂纹、破损、倾 斜和下沉。检查修理塔体油漆和保温。 简述塔检修的验收标准? 答:塔检修的验收标准如下:试运行一周,各项指标达到技术要求或能满足生产需要;设 备达到完好标准;提交下列技术资料: a.设计变更及材料代用通知单、材质、零部件合格 证, b.隐藏工程记录和封闭记录, c.检修记录, d.焊缝质量检验(包括外观、无损探伤 等)报告, e.试验记录。 分馏塔的安装要求体现在哪几方面? 答: ①塔身要求垂直: 倾斜度不得超过千分之一; ②塔板要求水*: 水*度不能超过士 2mm; ③溢流口与下层塔板的距离应根据生产能力和下层塔板溢流堰的高度而定,但必须满足溢 流堰板插入下层受液盘的液体之中,以保持上层液相下流时有足够的通道封住下层上升的 蒸汽必须的液封,避免气相走短路。 简述影响塔板效率的因素? 答:①气相与液相中质量交换的快慢;②塔板上气液两相的混合程度;③蒸汽夹带液体雾 滴进入上层塔板的多少。 简述精馏的基本原理? 答:所谓精馏是利用塔内组分相对挥发度的不同,使气液两相在塔板上发生接触,进行传 质和传热,多次部分汽化,部分冷凝,从而分别在塔顶和塔底得到纯度较高的轻组分和重 组分。 简述分馏系统出现冲塔的操作调整? 答:①凡是因塔底液面超高而引起冲塔,应减少进料,想办法启用备用泵多抽塔底油,把 塔底液面降下来;②如因处理量过大,塔盘及重沸器故障,则请示降低进料量或停车处理; ③加强回流罐脱水;④冲塔时,不合格产品改进不合格罐。 简述分馏系统瞬时停电的处理方法? 答:①迅速启动备泵和空冷器;②观察加热炉燃烧状况,并作调整;③稳定各塔的压力、

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, yo u ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the initiative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's econom i c reform, and that the start-up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial syst em, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to la w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provid ed a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departm e nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period a nd the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant f iel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "fi ve in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after t he party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Comm ission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

液位;④产品改不合格罐。

离心压缩机大修主要验收标准是什么? 答:①检修现场清扫干净;②水、电、风投用正常;③油系统、油箱清扫干净,油统油运 合格;④压缩机与驱动机同心度找正符合标准;⑤转子与隔板同心度符合标准;⑥轴承间 隙和紧力符合标准;⑦电器、仪表连锁调试合格;⑧电机电阻测试合格/透*调速系统调式 合格;⑨驱动机单机试运 8 小时合格;⑩压缩机试运 48h;○ 11 机械密封/浮环密封装配 合格,工作正常;○ 12 建立检修技术资料档案并归档。 离心式压缩机的机壳有哪些结构形式? 答:有两种结构形式:①轴向剖分式;②径向剖分式。 离心式压缩机的主要部件有哪些? 答:离心式压缩机的主要部件有:转子、机壳、固定元件、轴承、轴封、叶轮。 离心式压缩机常用轴封的形式有哪些? 答:离心式压缩机常用轴封的形式有:浮环密封、机械密封、迷宫密封、充气密封、干气 密封。 简述接触式密封的优缺点? 答:接触式密封的密封性能良好,尤其低速时密封性能也不受影响,适应高压下工作。但 是接触式密封面存在摩擦,产生热量,消耗功率。高温下密封可靠性能差,高速下密封可 靠性差,功率消耗大。 简述引起循环氢压缩机停车的联锁条件? 答:①润滑油压力低;②密封油高位槽液位低;③压缩机轴位移超限值;④透*轴位移超 限值;⑤透*背压高;⑥高压分离器液位高;⑦ 2. 1MPa/min 紧急泄压;⑧转速超速。 造成循环氢压缩机转子损坏的原因有哪些? 答:①电机轴承偏心;②轴承内外圈不配套;③缺油润滑;④同心度不准。

热交换器腐蚀调查的常用方法有哪些? 答:热交换器腐蚀调查的常用方法有:目视检查(内窥镜) ;锤击检查;测厚;局部凹坑 测量深度;内外径测量; MT、PT、UT、RT 检查;管内充水探头;有损检查(取样) ;金 相检查、气密性或水压试验。

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, yo u ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start -up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to la w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Final ly, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period and the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant fiel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "five in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after the party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Commission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

加氢高压换热器在进行水压试验时要注意些什么? 答:管、壳层按设计压力的 1. 25[σ ]/ [σ ] t 倍同时升压做试验;管、壳层之间的最大 压差不能超过正常使用时,管板的设计允许最大压力;必需使用纯净水试压,并且水温不 能低于 5℃;试压结束后,用压缩空气或氮气吹干。 (注:本题中 [σ ]——容器材料在试 验温度下许用应力、 [σ ] t 一容器材料在设计温度下的许用应力) 换热器的安装有哪些注意事项? 答:①换热器在安装或检修以后,必须经过试压,合格后,方能够使用;②试压时,设备 工艺人员应严格把关,并对试压结果签字确认;③试压出现问题时,应进一步寻找原因, 问题解决后重新试压,合格后,方可投入使用。 制定高压换热器封头发生泄漏冒烟的模拟事故预案时,主要内容有哪些? 答:①应急机构的组成;②处理原则;③报警和报告程序;④事故处理原则;⑤主要操作 程序和要点;⑥警戒;⑦生产恢复。

配管腐蚀调查的常用方法有哪些? 答:配管腐蚀调查的常用方法有:测量;目视检查(内窥镜) ;PT、MT、UT、RT 检查; 硬度检查;金相检查;蠕变变形检查。 何谓应力腐蚀开裂? 答:拉伸应力和腐蚀介质同时作用下的腐蚀,叫做应力腐蚀开裂,大部分的合金容易出现 这种腐蚀。但是,某一种合金,只有在一定的介质中才产生应力腐蚀开裂。 何谓腐蚀疲劳? 答:腐蚀疲劳是应力腐蚀开裂的特殊形式之一。在腐蚀介质和周期性交变应力的相互作用 下导致金属材料的疲劳极限大大降低,因而过早*屏选 简述化学腐蚀与电化学腐蚀? 答:化学腐蚀是指金属与腐蚀性介质发生化学作用而引起的腐蚀破坏,其特点是在腐蚀过 程中没有电流发生。电化学腐蚀是指金属与电解质溶液间产生电化学作用而引起的腐蚀破 坏,其特点是在腐蚀过程中有电流流动。 简述加氢中高压设备氢腐蚀机理? 答:在高温高压条件下,氢与钢中的固溶体或渗碳体发生反应: Fe3C→3Fe+C 或 C+2H2→CH4、C+4H→CH4

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, you ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start-up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial syst em, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to l a w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provid ed a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departm e nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period a nd the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant f iel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "fi ve in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after t he party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Comm ission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

这种生成甲烷的反应在金属的自由表面和晶界进行,从而引起金属表面或内部脱碳; 在加氢高温高压环境中,设备内部就会出现损伤、裂纹,使材料的拉伸强度和延展性降低; 另外,所生成的 CH4 由于不能从钢中逸出,将在孔穴处生长、连接,从而产生高应力,并 最终形成内部裂纹,降低材料的强度和延性。

简述在《特种设备安全检查条例》中压力容器的含义? 答:压力容器,是指盛装气体或者液体,承载一定压力的密闭设备,其范围规定为最高工 业压力大于或者等于 0.1MPa (表压) , 且压力与容积的乘积大于或者等于 2.5MPa· L 气体、 液化气体和最高工作温度高于或者等于标准沸点的液体的固定式容器和移动式容器;盛装 公秤工作压力大于或者等于 0.2MPa (表压) 且压力与容积的乘积大于或者等于 1.0 MPa· L 的气体、液化气体和标准沸点等于或者低于 60℃液体的气瓶;氧舱等。 简述在《特种设备安全监察条例》中压力管道的含义? 答:压力管道,是指利用一定的压力,用于输送气体或者液体的管状设备,其范围规定为 最高工作压力大于或者等于 0.1MPa(表压)的气体、液化气体、蒸汽介质或者可燃、易爆、 有毒、有腐蚀性、最高工作温度高于或者等于标准沸点的液体介质,且公称大于 25mm 的 管道。

请阐述同步电动机的起动过程? 答:同步电动机定子上通入三相交流电后形成定子旋转磁场,定子旋转磁场在转子上感应 电流后使转子异步启动。当转子启动后转子转速接*定子旋转磁场转速时通入直流电,使 同步电动机的转子同步运行。 什么叫做功率因数?提高功率因数有什么意义? 答:有功功率与视在功率的比值称为功率因数 cosΦ =P/S。提高功率因数,可降低电源负 担,减少线路损耗,对国民经济有重大意义。

锅炉汽包三冲量液体位控制系统的特点是什么? 答:①锅炉汽包三冲量液位控制系统是在双冲量液位控制的基础上引入了给水量信号,由 水位、蒸汽流量和给水流量组成了三冲量液位控制系统。②在这个系统中,汽包水位是被 控变量,是主冲量信号,蒸汽流量、给水流量是两个辅助冲量信号,实质上三冲量系统控

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, yo u ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start -up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to la w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Final ly, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period and the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant fiel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "five in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after the party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Commission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

制系统是前馈控制系统。

加氢裂化设备的设计和制造应满足的要求? 答:①满足工艺过程各种运行方案的需要;②操作可靠性高;③维护检修方便;④投资费 用低。 简述加氢反应器材料选用原则? 答: ①应符合适用规范所规定的化学成分, 常温和高温力学性能以及设计提出的附加要求; ②应具有良好的内质特性 (致密性、纯净性和均匀性);③应具有能在加氢苛刻环境下长期 使用的耐环境脆化特性性能;④经济上要合理。 简述热壁反应器的主要损伤现象? 答:①高温氢腐蚀;②氢脆;③高温硫化氢腐蚀;④铬一钼钢的回火脆性损伤;⑤连多硫 酸应力腐蚀开裂;⑥奥氏体不锈钢堆焊层的氢致剥离。 简述 Cr—Mo 钢中 Mo 元素的作用? 答:钼能①提高材料的强度;②提高材料的热强性,即提高材料的蠕变强度;③改善在高 温高压下抗氢侵蚀的能力;④低合金钼钢有发生石墨化倾向,因此要加入一些其他合金元 素。

简述加氢裂化装置单位加工费的考核方法? 答:将加氢裂化装置所消耗的燃料油、燃料气及水、电、汽、氮气等实际消耗总量折成价 值量与原料油总量进行比较。单位为:元/吨原料油来作为衡量加氢裂化装置运行水*的 一个指标,如将消耗总量折成能量单位,则成为综合能耗指标

简述炉管表面的热强度及该指标的意义? 答:每*方米炉管表面积每小时的传热量。此值越大,完成相同的传热任务所需的传热面 积越少;传热面积相同时,此值越大,传递的热量越多。 简述加热炉烟道气露点腐蚀的防止方法? 答:①选用耐腐蚀的材料,如玻璃钢、玻璃等空气预热器;②在热管表面进行防腐处理; ③将部分空气预热器出口的热空气返回进口,以提高空气温度;④控制适宜的排烟温度; ⑤烟道及对流部分加强保温措施。

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, you ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start-up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial syst em, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to l a w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provid ed a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departm e nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period a nd the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant f iel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "fi ve in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after t he party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Comm ission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

造成加热炉炉管结焦的原因有哪些? 答:①炉管受热不均,火焰直扑炉管,引起炉管局部过热;②加热炉进炉流量偏流,油品 流速小,停留时间长;③检修时,炉管清焦不彻底,原来残留的焦起到了诱导作用 简述防止加热炉炉管结焦的措施? 答:①保持炉膛温度均匀,防止局部过热;②操作中对加热炉的进料、加热炉入口压力、 炉膛温度等加强检查,及时调节;③停车检修时,加热炉炉管清焦要彻底。 简述提高加热炉热效率的基本要点? 答:①控制好“三门一板”的开度;②合理选用过剩空气系数;③减少不完全燃烧的热损 失;④严格工艺操作规程。 写出加热炉热效率的基本计算公式,并写出各符号的意义和单位? 答:热效率的基本计算公式为: η =Q/BQ 燃 式中η ——热效率 (以百分率表示); Q——全炉热负荷, kcal/h; B——燃料油耗量, kg/h; Q 燃——燃料发热值, kcal/h。 加热炉在系统水压试验合格后,哪些项目还应符合要求? 答:炉墙、衬里完好;炉膛不漏风;炉壁不超温;燃烧器燃烧良好;保温、油漆完好;检 修现场清理符合要求;所属附件灵活可靠;投用正常。 简述加热炉一般应满足的基本要求? 答:①满足工艺过程所需的条件;②能耗省,投资合理;③操作容易,且不易误操作;④ 安装维护方便,使用寿命长。 简述加热炉烘炉升温曲线图的作用? 答:①加热炉烘炉时,应绘制大幅的升温曲线图,并将升温曲线图放置在控制室内,用以 指导烘炉操作;②操作人员应将烘炉过程中的实际温度定时地在烘炉升温曲线图上进行标 注;③操作人员应对照烘炉升温曲线图进行操作,确保烘炉过程的顺利完成。

简述加氢裂化开车方案的主要内容? 答:①氮气置换;②气密: a.分馏系统气密, b.反应系统氮气气密, c.反应系统引

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, yo u ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start -up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to la w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Final ly, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period and the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant fiel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "five in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after the party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Commission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

进氢气气密, d.点燃反应加热炉, e.投用循环氢压缩机, f.投用增压压缩机和补充 氢压缩机、反应系统进行各个等级气密;③硫化方案;④引进开车低氮油步骤;⑤分馏系 统循环脱水方案;⑥钝化方案;⑦切换新鲜原料油步骤;⑧产品质量调整;⑨开车过程的 危险性分析;⑩开车过程的安全措施。

简述加氢裂化装置存在的主要有毒、有害物质? 答:硫化氢、无水氨、羰基镍、二硫化碳对人员造成伤害;氢氧化钠、碳酸钠极易对人员 造成灼伤;硫化亚铁遇空气后易自燃。

简述设备大检修的特点和危险性? 答:①检修工期短、工程量大、任务集中、加班加点、人员易疲劳;②施工场地小、人员 多、各工程交叉作业,极易发生人身事故;③存在易燃易爆物质,检修中有大量的电焊、 气割作业,处理不当极易发生火灾、爆炸、中毒或化学灼伤事故。

蒸汽透*的工作原理是什么? 答:蒸汽通过透*的喷嘴或静叶片时,压力下降,体积膨胀,形成高速汽流,推动透*的 动叶片及转子旋转。从而将蒸汽的热能转变成透*旋转的机械能。 蒸汽透*本体的结构有哪些? 答:蒸汽透*本体包括:静止部分 (汽缸、喷嘴、静叶、隔板、汽封等);转动部分 (轴、 叶轮、动叶片等);支承部分 (径向轴承、止推轴承等)。 蒸汽透*的主要部件有哪些? 答:蒸汽透*的主要部件包括:叶片、转子、汽缸、隔板、汽封和轴承。 简述进汽温度过高或过低对汽轮机运行的影响? 答:进汽温度过低会使流人汽轮机的蒸汽中析出许多小水滴。这些小水滴以极高的速度冲 击汽轮机的叶片,致使叶片冲蚀和汽轮机振动,严重时会引起叶片断裂。

为什么冷却水中断,往复式压缩机必须紧急停机? 答:冷却水中断后,在气体压缩过程中,产生的热量带不出去,使汽缸、填料等的温度急 剧升高。同时,温度升高使设备的强度下降,还会使金属组成发生变化,使设备承压能力

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, you ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start-up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial syst em, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to l a w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provid ed a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departm e nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Finally, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period a nd the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant f iel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "fi ve in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after t he party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Comm ission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

降低。或在设备高温下冷却水又突然恢复供应,使设备急冷后可能发生炸裂,损伤设备, 发生事故。

群年终工作总结: 2013 年还有 18 天就完蛋了,不知不觉和大家群居了一年,感觉很好,在即将走过 2013 年迎来崭新的 2014 年之际.作为本群一员,现在把一年的工作情况和今后打算汇报如下: 在一年里,我们紧密扎根在 QQ 群里,团结在群主周围,高举“有空必来,有来必言,有 言必留,有留必看”理论的伟大旗帜,认真贯彻落实“雁过留声,人过留言,鸡过留蛋, 鸭过留毛”的要求,坚持“知无不言、言无不尽”的指导思想, 弘扬“一不怕手酸,二不怕加班,三不怕头晕,四不怕眼花”的大无畏精神,把“保持联 系,经常骚扰”作为振兴本群的第一要务! 经过努力,从根本上改变了“几天来一趟, 想到才来上,来了不说话,逛逛就走人”的方式!坚持“四有”原则,即“有组织,有预 谋,有把握,有成绩” 。坚持做“四有”群友,即:“留言有新思想,灌水有新思路,吹牛 有新突破,抬杠有新局面” !相互促进,共同发展,从而使咱群走上可 持续发展的伟大道路,同时坚决贯彻了 2013 年七大新观念: 1、钱不是问题,问题是没钱。 2、水能载舟,亦能煮粥。 3、一山不能容二虎,除非一公和一母。 4、火可以试金,金可以试女人,女人可以试男人; 5、喝醉了我谁也不服,我就扶墙。 6、就像一只趴在玻璃上的苍蝇,前途光明,出路没有。 7、问世间情为何物?都是一物降一物。 在过去的一年,虽然我很少发言,但为了表示忠诚,在新的 2014 年,特向群主保证: 群主的意向就是我们的方向;群主的小蜜就是我们的秘密;群主的情人就是我们的亲人。 群主的脾气就是我们的福气;群主的要求就是我们的追求;群主的鼓励就是我们的动力; 群主的想法就是我们的做法;群主的酒量就是我们的胆量;群主的表情就是我们的心情; 群主的嗜好就是我们的爱好!同时,我还要做到: 1.群主没来,我先来,看看谁坐主席台; 2.群主没讲,我先讲,看看话筒响不响;

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, yo u ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start -up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial system, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to la w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt

rapid deve lopme nt of the market economy environme nt to expl ore publi c servants ' duty consumpti on monetizati on reform has provided a good foundation. The socialization of rear servi ce work has been la unche d, and rapi d progre ss in some pl aces a nd departme nts, duty cons umption monetiza tion of carrier a nd a ppr oach to manageme nt has bee n resolve d. Thir d, in re cent years , explori ng the monetizati on of duty cons umption ha s made s ome progres s, have gai ned s ome experi ence and ca n provi de reference to the compre he nsive reform of the system of publi c serva nts ' duty consumpt ion further. Impl ementing a n "honest ca nteen", sta ndar dize official e ntertaini ng manageme nt; enhancing t he telecommuni cation expe nse manag ement; elimi nation of County travel and countrysi de s ubsi dies ; research "village official s" capitalizati on ma nagement of corporate spe ndi ng, a nd s o on. Final ly, gr oup ... 18 session to be held i n Beij ing from Nov ember 9, 2 013 to 1 2th. 3 5 years ago blew the t hird plenary sessi on of the reform and ope ning up i n the s pring breeze, cha nged, affect the worl d; today, 3 5 years later, i n the eyes of the nati on a nd t he worl d expe ct, again to reform mark China, us hered in the 18 sessi on. XI General Se cretary pointed out that Chi na's reform ha s entered a crucial period and the Sham S hui Po Distri ct, must be base d on greater political courage a nd wisdom, lose no time in de epe ning reform in im portant fiel ds. Dare s to cra ck a har d nut, dares t o que stion the Rapi ds, which dares t o break the barrier of ideas, a nd dare to benefit cure barri ers. De epe ning reform and openi ng up is on s che dule t o achieve instit utional safeguar ds of the m oderately well -off. Under the "five in one" the G eneral layout of s ocialist m oder nization requirements , 18 se ssion of the deci sion was a "five in one" and t he improveme nt of overall s cheme of reform, will prom ote an i ntegrated and coordi nated e conomi c, political, cult ural, social a nd e col ogical civilizati on constructi on of the five reforms and t he party's construction in the area of instit utional reform. The "five in one" programme is to achieve a compre hensive reform of instituti onal g uarantee s for obj ectives of buil d a well -off society, the smooth pr ogress of the construction of a well -off soci ety and reform the obj ectives of the programme. One, hol ding time and pla ce importance on Novem ber 9, 20 13 to the 1 8 ses sion of the 12t h Bei jing si nce 1978, 3 5, have been 7 plenary sess ion, each time on maj or iss ues of political and economi c life of the country has made im portant depl oyment. I n accor dance with PRC political pra ctice , often at every sessi on of the CPC Central Committee in a pl enary se ssi on wa s hel d immediately after the party's Congre ss, on the t heme "pers onnel", dis cussi ng electi on Central's top leaders, s uch as the el ection of the Sta ndi ng Committee of the political Bureau, t hroug h the Central Committee members, decis ions, s uch as members of the Ce ntral Military Commission. The second ple nary se ssion, is held i n two se ssi ons before the ge neral ele ction, mainly to discus s a new State personnel i ssues. But by the third

3.群主说话,我鼓掌,带动下面一片响; 4.群主吃饭,我先尝,看看饭菜凉不凉; 5.群主喝酒,我来挡,誓把生命献给党; 6.群主睡觉,我站岗,跟谁睡觉我不讲。

群《年终总结》编写委员会 2013 年 12 月 13 日

plenary sessi on, each ses sion of the Central Committee of national institutions a nd personnel problems have bee n arrange d, you ca n concentrate on nati onal development a nd reforms. 。 求 要 准 标 卫 合 符 他 其 状 性 官 感 或 物 异 混 期 过 虫 生 霉 害 毒 有 质 变 败 腐 不 , 常 正 形 味 香 、 色 须 必 成 及 料 原 品 食 的 购 采

Previous ple nary se ssi on is often bra nde d with a central lea ding colle ctive, ofte n by looking at t he third plenum of the init iative t o found the current ce ntral leadershi p collective g overna nce chara cteristics.

From the analysis of the pr oce ss of e conomic reform in Chi na, plenary sessi on, 12 se ssion, 14 , 16 plenary sessi on have pr ogrammatic meaning , respectivel y, marking the four stages of Chi na's economi c reform, and that the start-up phase of reform, reform, constr ucti on phas e and perfecti ng the S ociali st market economy framework stage of s ociali st market economy.

Previous pl enary se ssi on topics proposed t o the thir d ple nary se ssion of "taking cl ass str uggle as t he key link, " shifted to socialist m oder nization;

12 session marked t he change from r ural to ur ban, e stablis he d with public owner shi p as the F oundation of a pl anned commodity economy;

13 session at a time w he n bot h the old a nd t he ne w

system cha nge, gover nance and rectify the economic or der; 1 4 ... Fair a nd efficie nt and authoritative Socialist j udi cial syst em, safeguard the pe ople' s interests . Legal authority to uphol d the Constituti on, dee peni ng the reform of admi nistrative law e nforceme nt, ensure that t he right to exer cise j udi cial power i nde pendently a nd im partially accor ding to l a w the prose cuti on, perfecti ng the r unning mechani sm of judicial pow er, impr ove the system of judicial protecti on of huma n rights. Ple nary ses sion, Affairs the right to a dher e to the system, and let the people a uthority t o let the power run i n the S un, i s shut up in a cage of the system power policy. De cisi on S cience, impl ementation s hould be constr ucted strong , supervis e the r unning of powerful system, improve t he system of puni shi ng and preve nting corruption, prom oting political integrity, and strive to a chieve cadres ' honest a nd G overnme nt integrity, clea n politics. style normal system. Plenary sessi on, bui ldi ng a socialist culture i n China, e nha nci ng nati onal cult ural soft power, must adhere to the orientati on of adva nce d Socialist culture , adhere to the devel opment of Sociali st cult ure with Chi nese characteri stics , adhere to the pe ople -ce ntred w ork-ori ented, further dee pening reform of cult ure. To improve the cult ural manageme nt system, establi sh a nd impr ove the modern market system and buildi ng modern publi c cultural se rvice system, im prove the leve l of cult ure openi ng. Pl enary se ssi on, a chievi ng devel opme nt results m ore equitable be nefit of all people, we must speed up reform of social pr ograms and solve the iss ues of concern t o the people the most dire ct and real i nterest, and better meet the nee ds of the people. To deepe n education reform, improve i nstituti onal me cha nisms for the

To form a scie ntific and effective coordi nation of power restri ction and mechanism s to strengt hen a nti-corr upti on i nstitutional i nnovation a nd i nstituti onal prote ction, sound improveme nt


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