人教新目标九年级英语-Unit5 What are the shirts made of SectionB (2a-3b)课件 (共77张PPT)

发布于:2021-07-19 07:14:41

Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?

Do you know about any folk or traditional arts in your hometown?

shadow figures

Beijing Opera

Face-Changing in Sichuan Opera

sky lantern

paper cutting

cloisonne
[klwɑ?'z?ne?] 景泰蓝瓷器

2a What do you know about folk or traditional art, like paper cutting? Tell your partner about it.
Paper cutting is a famous traditional art in China. We cut out different animals, characters, flowers with scissors. And we put them on windows, doors and walls for a happy new year.

2b Read the passage and complete the chart below.
MOVING FROM GENERAL TO SPECIFIC
A general introduction of the topic is usually followed by specific details and examples.

Beauty in Common Things
Each different part of China has its own special forms of traditional art. These usually try to show the things that are important in life, such as love, beauty and family. The most common things, from paper to clay to bamboo, are turned into objects of beauty.
According to Chinese history, sky lanterns were first used by Zhuge Kongming. He sent them out to ask for help when in trouble.

Today, sky lanterns are used at festivals and other celebrations. They are made of bamboo and covered with paper. When the lanterns are lit, they slowly rise into the air like small hot-air balloons for all to see. They are seen as bright symbols of happiness and good wishes.
Paper cutting has been around for over 1,500 years. Paper cutting sounds very easy but it can be difficult to do. The paper, usually red, is folded before it is cut with scissors.

The most common pictures are flowers, animals, and things about Chinese history. During the spring festival, they are put on windows, doors and walls as symbols of wishes for good luck and a happy new year.
Chinese clay art is famous because the clay pieces are so small but they look very real. The pieces are usually cute children or lively characters from a Chinese fairy tale or historical story. The pieces are carefully shaped by hand from a very special kind of

clay and then allowed to air-dry. After drying, they are fired at a very high heat. They are then polished and painted. It takes several weeks to complete everything. These small pieces of clay art show the love that all Chinese people have for life and beauty.

Traditional art form Materials used

1. sky lanterns 2. paper cutting 3. Chinese clay art

bamboo, paper paper clay

2c Read the passage again and answer the questions.
1.What do traditional Chinese art forms try to show?
2. What were sky lanterns used for before and what are they used for now?

3. What kinds of pictures are usually found on paper cuttings?
4. How do people use paper cuttings during the Spring Festivals?

5. What are the steps for making clay art pieces?
6. Which art form do you think is the most interesting? Why?

How many parts do you think the passage can be divided into? Why?
Two parts. The first paragraph is Part One and the next three paragraphs are Part Two.
The first paragraph is a general introduction and the next three paragraphs are specific details and examples.

在进行英语写作时,要按照西方人的 思维方式来布局谋篇。在语篇的开始 方面,应该直截了当表达观点,态度 明确。在语篇的发展方面,直接点明 议题,即“先概括后具体”,先整体 轮廓, 后具体细节。“让事实本身说 话”,则能达到更好的效果。

Read Paragraph 2 and answer the questions.
1. Why did Zhuge Kongming send sky lanterns?
He did so to ask for help when in trouble.
2. What is a sky lantern made of?
It is made of bamboo and covered with paper.

Read Paragraph 3 and fill in the blanks.
Paper cutting has been around for more Than 1,500 years. It is d_i_f_fi_c_u_ltto do paper cutting. We uses_c_is_s_o_rsto cut paper. People put paper cuttings on windows, doors and walls as _s_y_m__b_o_ls_ of wishes for good luck.

Read Paragraph 4 and answer the questions.
1.What are clay art pieces made of?
They are made of a very special kind of clay.
2. What do clay art pieces show? They show the love that all Chinese people have for life and beauty.

2d Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the phrases in the box.

The keys

send out

rise into

turns into

put on

such as covered with

Which art form do you think is the easiest? Which is the most difficult? Why?

Which art form would you like to learn? Why?

How to cut out a butterfly?
Steps: 1.Print out design. 2.2. On another
sheet of paper, trace out the design. 3.3. Using scissors, cut out the traced design.

Language Points
1. The international kite festival is held in Weifang every year. 国际风筝节每年在潍坊举行。
(1) international (connected with or involving two or more countries) 形容词,意为“国 际的”。
? The UN is an international organization. 联合国是一个国际组织。

(2) hold (to have a meeting, competition, conversation, etc.) 动词,意为“举行”。 其过去式和过去分词都是held。
? We are going to hold a meeting tomorrow. 我们打算举行一次会议。

2.The competitors at the festival are from all of the world. 风筝节的选手来自全国各地。
competitor (someone who tries to win in a race or competition )名词,意为“参赛者; 竞争者”。 ? We soon knocked over our competitor. 我们很快打败了我们的竞争对手。 compete是其动词形式,意为“竞争”

3. Each different part of China has its own special forms of traditional art. 中国每个不同的地 区都有各自独特的传统艺 术形式。
(1) form (sort; kind) 此处用作可数名词,意为 (2) “形式;类型”。 ?These are two different forms of the same thing.
这是同一事物的两种不同形式。

(2) form (a piece of paper on which you write information)作名词,还可以表不“表格(纸)”。
? Please fill in this form, giving your name,
address and business.
请填一下这张表, 写上你的姓名、地址、和 职业。
(3) form还可以作动词,意为“构成;组成”。 ?We formed a study group. 我们组成了一个学*小组

4. The most common things, from paper to clay to bamboo, are turned into objects of beauty. 最普通的东西,从纸到黏土再到竹子,都变成 了美丽的物品。 turn ... into …是动词短语,意为“把……变 成……”。
? The farmers are turning wasteland into rice fields. 农民们正把荒地变成稻田。

turn on 打开 turn off 关闭 turn up 调大(音量) turn down调小(音量) turn against 背叛 turn in 上交 turn over 翻转

5. He sent them out to ask for help when in trouble.
当遇到麻烦的时候,他就放孔明灯以 寻求帮助。
(l) send out意为“发出;放出;发送”,是 “动词+副词”短语,代词作宾语时,要放在 两者之间。但如果名词作宾语,可以放在 短语后 面,也可放在短语中间。
? The sun sends out light and heat. 太阳发出光和热。

(2) when in trouble是状语从句的省略句,当主 句主语和从句主语相同且从句中有be动词时, 可以把从句中的主语以及be动词省略。 ? I saw him while (I was) waiting for the bus.
等公共汽车的时候我看见他了。 ? He fell asleep when (he was) on duty.
他值班的时候睡着了。

6. They are made of bamboo and covered with
paper. 它们由竹子制成,外面被糊上纸。 be covered with 意为“被......覆盖”。 ?The whole land is covered with white snow now. 现在整个大地都被白雪盖住了。 be covered by 也表示“被……覆盖”是被动语 态结构,而be covered with是系表结构,侧重于 事物的状态,可译为“到处都是”。 ?The field is covered by water.地被水 淹了。 ?The field is covered with water. 地里到处都是水。

7. When the lanterns are lit, they slowly rise into
the air like small hot-air balloons for all to see. 孔明灯被点燃后会慢慢上升到空中,像小型的 热气球,能被所有人看见。 (1)时间状语从句中,谓语are lit是被动语态结 构,意为“被点燃”。light作及物动词时, 意 为“点燃”,过去式和过去分词都是lit。 ? He lit a cigarette and began to smoke. 他点着了 一支烟开始抽起来。

(2) rise into意为“上升到;升人”。 ? Chang’e-3 rose into space within
seconds. 短短几秒钟之内,“嫦娥三号”升 入 太空。

8. They are seen as bright symbols of happiness and good wishes.
它们被看作是幸福和美好祝福的光明的象征。 as介词,意为“作为;当作”。
? He works in the school as a teacher of math. 他在学校里担任数学教师。

(1) as 意为“因为;由于”引导原因状语从句。 ? You must hurry up as there is little time left.
你必须快点,因为剩下的时间不多了。 (2) as 意为“像;按照”引导方式状语从句。 ? You must do everything as I asked you to.
你必须按我要求的那样做每件事。 (3) as 意为“当……的时候;一边…一边…” 引导时间状语从句。 ? She sings as she walks. 她边走边唱歌。

9. The paper, usually red, is folded before it is
cut with scissors. 通常是红色的纸,在用剪刀裁剪之前要先折叠。
scissors意为“剪刀”,是名词复数形式,常用 表达: a pair of scissors 一把剪刀。“a pair of + 复数名词 ” 做主语时,谓语动词与pair形式 一致。
? A pair of scissors costs a little, in fact. 一把剪刀实际上花不了几个钱。

10. The pieces are usually cute children or
lively characters from a Chinese fairy tale
or historical story. 这些工艺品通常是可爱的孩 子,或者是源 自中国童话故事或者历史故事 中的活泼的 人物形象。 lively (full of life and energy)形容词,意为 “生气勃勃的;活泼的;(色彩)鲜艳的”。 ? She may be 80,but she’s still lively. 她也许有八十岁了,但仍精力充沛

lively
alive living

生气勃勃的;精力充沛的”,可作 定语或表语
活着的”,常作表语或后置定语
活着的”,常作定语

?Who is the lively boy in the picture? 照片中那个活泼的男孩是谁?
?Luckily, the dog is still alive. 幸运的是,这只狗仍然活着。

?He is one of the oldest men alive in the world. 他是世界上仍健在的最老的人之一。
?The river is so dirty that no living things can live in it 河水这么脏,以至于没有生物 能在里面生 存。

11. After drying, they are fired at a very high heat. 干了以后它们被高温烧制。
heat (high temperature )名词,意为“热;高温”。 at a very high heat 意为“通过高温”, heat虽是不 可数名词, 但前面有修饰成分时,要用冠词a。 ? You can feel the heat of the sun. 你可以感觉到太阳的热气。 heat还可作动词,意为“加热;变热” ? Heat some water! 烧些水吧!

12. It takes several weeks to complete everything. 完成每件作品需花费好几个星期。
(1)该句为“It takes (sb.) + 一段时间+ to do sth.” 句型,意为“做某件事花费(某人) 多长时间”。
? It took him an hour and a half to write the letter. 写这封信花了他一个半小时。

(2 ) complete ( to finish doing or making something )动词,意为“完成”。
?The builders will complete the new sports
center next year. 建筑工人将在明年建成这 个新的运动中心。 complete (with no parts missing)还可作形容 词,意为“完整的;完全的”。 ?Is this a complete story? 这是一个完整的故事吗?

2c Read the passage again and answer the questions.
1.What do traditional Chinese art forms try to show?
They try to show the things that are important in life, such as love, beauty and family. 2.What were sky lanterns used for before and what are they used for now? They were used for asking for help before, and they are used for making wishes at festivals and other celebrations now.

3.What kinds of pictures are usually found on paper cuttings? On paper cuttings, the most common pictures are flowers, animals, and things about Chinese history.
4.How do people use paper cuttings during 5. the Spring Festival? 6. People put paper cuttings on windows,
doors and walls as symbols of wishes for good luck and a happy new year.

5.What are the steps for making clay art pieces? First, they are carefully shaped by hand from a very special kind of clay and then allowed to
air-dry. After that, they are fired at a very high heat and then polished and painted. 6.Which art form do you think is the most interesting? Why?
Chinese clay art. Because they are so small but they look very real.

2d Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the phrases in the box.
such as turn ... into send out cover with rise into put ... on
1.People used to _s_e_n_d_o_u__t _ sky lanterns when 2. they were in trouble. But today, people
light the lanterns and watch threimse _in_t_o______ the sky with their wishes.

2. The art of paper cutting __tu_r_n_s__ a simple thing like a piece of paper _i_n_to__ a beautiful piece of art. People often __p_u_t_ these art pieces __o_n_ the doors, windows and walls of their homes to celebrate the Spring Festival.
3. To make Chinese clay art, the clay is shaped by hand into things _s_u_c_h__a_s_ cute children or characters from Chinese fairy tales and stories. They are then _c_o_v_er_e_d__w_i_th_ paint.

2e Discuss the questions in your group.
1.Which art form do you think is the easiest? Which is the most difficult? Why? I think paper cutting us the easiest, because we just cut a a piece of paper into what we want with scissors. I think Chinese clay art is the most difficult, because there are too many steps to make a clay piece.
2.Which art form would you like to learn? Why? I want to learn paper cutting, not only because it is easy to learn, but also because we can do it at any time.

3a What are some special things that your hometown or city is famous for? These can be food, artwork or any other products. Discuss them with a partner and take notes.
What the product is What it is made of/from Who it is made by Where it is made What it can do Why it is special

3b Write a paragraph about the product. Use your notes in 3a.
Use the following expressions to help you: My hometown/city is famous for… …is famous in my hometown/city. …is/are made of/from/with/by/in... …is/are used for... …is/are special because...

练*

假如你是韩梅,远在美国的笔友Linda给你写信 了!信中,Linda向你了解中国有什么著名小吃。 请根据表格提示给Linda回信。

民间小吃

糖葫芦

原料

山楂(haw),有些地方的糖葫芦用草莓 (strawberry)、葡萄(grape)、甚至小 苹果等制成

据说,宋代(the Song Dynasty)—位皇 历史渊源 帝的妻子曾因吃了糖葫芦治好了病,
因此流传 下来

象征 幸福和团圆

要求: 1. 短文应包含表格中的内容,但是不能逐条翻译,可适当增加
细节,以使短文连贯、自然; 2. 词数80左右。(文章开头和结尾已经给出,不计人总词数)
Dear Linda, You asked me what famous snacks there were
in my country. Well, ______________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ Are you looking for forward to eating it? Come to my country, and I’ll treat you to tanghulu.
Yours, Han Mei

这是一篇表格提示作文,时态以一般现在时和 一般过去时为主,描述冰糖葫芦会用到被动语 态结构。根据题目提示可考虑采用下面的模板。

著名小吃

概括介绍

One of the most famous snacks is… Each different part of China has…

具体描述

It is usually made of… But there are more materials… It is said that…

总结评价

It was so delicious and healthy that… It is now seen as the bright symbols of…

范文
Dear Linda, You asked me what famous snacks there were
in my country. Well, in my country, one of the most famous snacks is tanghutu. ① Each different part of China has different tanghulu .② It is usually made o f haws, which are put together on a stick and covered with ice sugar. But there are more materials for tanghulu today in some places, such as strawberries, grapes,and even little apples.

It is said that ③ tanghulu ever saved the life of an emperor’s wife in the Song Dynasty. It was so delicious and healthy that many Chinese people like eating it. It is now seen as the bright symbols of happiness and reunion.④
Are you looking forward to eating it? Come to my country, and I’ll treat you to tanghulu.
Yours, Han Mei

① Well, in my country, one of the most famous snacks is tanghutu.
开门见山,直接入题,向朋友介绍中国的著名 小吃。 ② Each different part of China has different
tanghulu . 两个different使用准确,为下文介绍不同种类 糖葫芦做铺垫。

③ It is said that… 用It is said that 句型介绍小吃的历史渊源, 增加了浓浓的传奇色彩。
④ It is now seen as the bright symbols of happiness and reunion. 语言精练,点出了小吃的文化内涵。

I. 单项选择。

1. In order to find a job, I _C__ my information

on the Internet.

A. asked for

B. found out

C. sent out

D. heard from

2. The table is so dirty. Why don’t you __B__

the table ____ a piece of cloth?

A. put; on

B. cover; with

C. turn; into D. take; from

3. How much are ___D____?
A. the pair of scissor B. these pairs of scissor C. the pair of scissors D. these pairs of scissors
4. Although he is old, he is __C___ and strong.
A. living B. alive C. lively D. lived

5. One third of the earth’s surface __A___water.
A. is covered by B. was covered by C. covers by
6. ____A____ is used for making knives in most
of China. A. Steel B. Bamboo C. wood
7. This is a _____A_____ story that I will never
forget. A. historical B. history C. historic

8. Water _C__ ice if the weather is below zero
A. will be turned off B. will be turned to C. will be turned into
9. This __A___ is made of metal and plastic.
A. pair of scissors B. scissors C. piece of scissors

10. _B____ are usually put on windows or

doors during the Spring Festival.

A. Clays

B. Paper cuttings

C. Sky lanterns

11. People often _A____ on Lantern Festival.

A. fly sky lanterns

B. cut paper

C. make clay

II.句型转换。
1.Longjing Tea is produced in Hangzhou. 2. (对 画线部分提问)
W__h_e_r_e_ __is__ Longjing Tea __p_r_o_d_u_c_e_d_? 2. He seems very angry.(改为同义句)
_I_t_ _s_ee_m__s_ _th__a_t he is very angry. 3. Our school holds a sports meeting every year. (
改为被动语态)
A sports meeting __is_ __h_e_ld__ in our school every year.

4. The food is cooked with very high temperature. (改为同义句) The food is cooked _a_t_ _a__ _v_e_r_y_ _h_i_g_h_ _h_e_a_t_.
5. Do people grow rice in South China? (改为 被 动语态)
I_s__ rice _g_r_o_w_n___ by people in South China?

Unit 5 What are the shirts made of?

1 List some things you use every day. Write down what they are made of/from and where they were made.

Things blanket pencil bag calculator chopsticks

Made of/from ... Made in ...

cotton

India

wood

China

leather

Italy

metal, plastic Japan

steel

Korea

2 Use the information above to write full sentences.
1._I_h_a_v_e__a_b_e_a_u_t_if_u_l_c_o_t_to_n__b_l_a_n_k_e_t_m__a_d_e_i_n___ _I_n_d_ia_._________________________________
2._A_l_l _o_f_u_s_u_s_e__w_o_o_d_e_n__p_e_n_c_il_s_m__a_d_e_i_n_C__h_i_n_a_. 3._H_e_r__m_o_t_h_e_r_h_a_s__a_n_e_x_p_e_n_s_i_v_e_l_ea_t_h_e_r_b__a_g___
_th__a_t _w_a_s_m__a_d_e__in__I_ta_l_y_. __________________

4._T__h_is__ca_l_c_u_l_a_to_r__is_m__a_d_e__o_f _m_e_t_a_l_a_n_d__p_la_s_t_ic_, _a_n_d__i_t _w_a_s_m__a_d_e__in__J_a_p_a_n_._______________
5._T__h_e_c_h_o_p_s_t_ic_k_s_a_r_e__m_a_d_e__o_f_s_te_e_l_, _a_n_d__th_e_y__ _a_r_e_m__a_d_e__in__K_o_r_e_a_._____________________

3 Complete the sentences using the correct forms of the words in brackets.
1.Cheese _is__m_a_d_e__ (make) from milk. 2.Parents and students _w_e_r_e_i_n_v_i_te_d_ (invite) to
the school concert last night. 3.The underground parking lot _i_s_c_lo_s_e_d_ (close)
at midnight every day. 4.There is a lot of research on how languages
_a_r_e_l_ea_r_n_e_d_ (learn). 5.Some classic films w__e_r_e_s_h_o_w_n_ (show) at that
cinema last week.


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